Iceland’s green vision

Jan Richard Heinicke/laif
Eine grüne Landschaft
Jan Richard Heinicke/laif
When the first settlers arrived in the 9th century, Iceland had extensive forests. As in many parts of Europe, these forests fell victim to population growth, leading to soil erosion and today's rugged landscape.

Today, the Icelandic Forestry Commission Skógræktin is leading the reforestation of the island. This is a long-term process that requires careful planning and implementation. The initiatives face numerous challenges, including the harsh climatic conditions with long, cold winters and short summers, which make it difficult for trees to grow. To cope with these conditions, mainly non-native tree species are tested in greenhouses.

Reforestation is an important step towards achieving Iceland’s climate targets. At the same time, there must be financial incentives for the owners of the reforested areas. In his report, Jan Richard Heinicke shows the reforestation efforts of this small nation in the far north and provides insights into the challenges and opportunities it faces.

Eine Person betrachtet Setzlinge in einem Gewächshaus
Person mit Setzlingen auf einer Wiese
Wald von oben
Portrait eines Mannes vor blauer Wand
Nadelbäume in einem Gewächshaus
Drei Handwerker
Holz vor weißem Hintergrund
Jahresringe eines Baumes